LAJMET E FUNDIT
Ish-njeriu me i shendoshe ne bote fillon ushtrimet
Ipswich(Angli), 8 janar- Ish-njeriu më i shëndoshë në botë Paul Manson, për herë të parë filloi ushtrimet në palestër për të humbur peshë.
"Supertrashaluqi", që ka humbur 45 kilogram duke ushtruar katër herë në javë tani kërkon që të kthejëtrupin e tij në formë.
Paul 51 vjeç ka provuar të hënën pajisjet në fituesin që gjendej afër shtëpisë së tij në Ipswich, Suffolk por njeriut që han 20 mijë kalori gjatë ditës i duhet leja nga doktori i tij që të regjistrohet në fitnes.
"Jam i sigurt që ai do t`më lejojë. Ndjej se brenda kam një trup shumë të mirë", ka thënë Manson.
Atij i duhen 30 mijë funte për të larguar "lëkurën e vdekur". /koha/
Lexime: 956 ...
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Dedicated hosting service
A dedicated hosting service, dedicated server, or managed hosting service is a
type of Internet hosting in which the client leases an entire server not shared
with anyone else. This is more flexible than shared hosting, as organizations
have full control over the server(s), including choice of operating system,
hardware, etc. Server administration can usually be provided by the hosting
company as an add-on service. In some cases a dedicated server can offer less
overhead and a larger return on investment. Dedicated servers are most often
housed in data centers, similar to colocation facilities, providing redundant
power sources and HVAC systems. In contrast to colocation, the server hardware
is owned by the provider and in some cases they will provide support for your
operating system or applications.
Using a dedicated hosting service offers the benefits of high performance,
security, email stability, and control. Due to the relatively high price of
dedicated hosting, it is mostly used by websites that receive a large volume of
Operating system support
Availability, price and employee familiarity often determines which operating
systems are offered on dedicated servers. Variations of Linux and Unix (open
source operating systems) are often included at no charge to the customer.
Commercial operating systems include Microsoft Windows Server, provided through
a special program called Microsoft SPLA. Red Hat Enterprise is a commercial
version of Linux offered to hosting providers on a monthly fee basis. The
monthly fee provides OS updates through the Red Hat Network using an application
called yum. Other operating systems are available from the open source community
at no charge. These include CentOS, Fedora Core, Debian, and many other Linux
distributions or BSD systems FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD.
Support for any of these operating systems typically depends on the level of
management offered with a particular dedicated server plan. Operating system
support may include updates to the core system in order to acquire the latest
security fixes, patches, and system-wide vulnerability resolutions. Updates to
core operating systems include kernel upgrades, service packs, application
updates, and security patches that keep server secure and safe. Operating system
updates and support relieves the burden of server management from the dedicated
Bandwidth and connectivity
Bandwidth refers to the data transfer rate or the amount of data that can be
carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second) and
is often represented in bits (of data) per second (bit/s). For example, visitors
to your server, web site, or applications utilize bandwidth *Third – Total
Transfer (measured in bytes transferred)
95th percentile method: line speed, billed on the 95th percentile, refers to the
speed in which data flows from the server or device, measured every 5 minutes
for the month, and dropping the top 5% of measurements that are highest, and
basing the usage for the month on the next-highest measurement. This is similar
to a median measurement, which can be thought of as a 50th percentile
measurement (with 50% of measurements above, and 50% of measurements below),
whereas this sets the cutoff at 95th percentile, with 5% of measurements above
the value, and 95% of measurements below the value. This is also known as
Burstable billing Line speed is measured in bits per second (or kilobits per
second, megabits per second or gigabits per second).
Unmetered method: The second bandwidth measurement is unmetered service where
providers cap or control the “top line” speed for a server. Top line speed in
unmetered bandwidth is the total Mbit/s allocated to the server and configured
on the switch level. For example, if you purchase 10 Mbit/s unmetered bandwidth,
the top line speed would be 10 Mbit/s. 10 Mbit/s would result in the provider
controlling the speed transfers take place while providing the ability for the
dedicated server owner to not be charged with bandwidth overages. Unmetered
bandwidth services usually incur an additional charge.
Total transfer method: Some providers will calculate the Total Transfer, which
is the measurement of actual data leaving and arriving, measured in bytes.
Although it is typically the sum of all traffic into and out of the server, some
providers measure only outbound traffic (traffic from the server to the
Bandwidth pooling: This is a key mechanism for hosting buyers to determine which
provider is offering the right pricing mechanism of bandwidth pricing.[according
to whom?] Most Dedicated Hosting providers bundle bandwidth pricing along with
the monthly charge for the dedicated server. Let us illustrate this with the
help of an example. An average $100 server from any of the common dedicated
bandwidth providers would carry 2 TB of bandwidth. Suppose you purchased 10
servers then you would have the ability to consume 2 TB of bandwidth per server.
However, let us assume that given your application architecture only 2 of these
10 servers are really web facing while the rest are used for storage, search,
database or other internal functions then the provider that allows bandwidth
pooling would let you consume overall 20 TB of bandwidth as incoming or outbound
or both depending on their policy. The provider that does not offer bandwidth
pooling would just let you use 4 TB of bandwidth, and the rest of the 16 TB of
bandwidth would be practically unusable. This fact is commonly known by all
hosting providers, and allows hosting providers to cut costs by offering an
amount of bandwidth that frequently will not be used. This is known as
overselling, and allows high bandwidth customers to use more than what a host
might otherwise offer, because they know that this will be balanced out by those
customers who use less than the maximum allowed.
One of the reasons for choosing to outsource dedicated servers is the
availability of high powered networks from multiple providers. As dedicated
server providers utilize massive amounts of bandwidth, they are able to secure
lower volume based pricing to include a multi-provider blend of bandwidth. To
achieve the same type of network without a multi-provider blend of bandwidth, a
large investment in core routers, long term contracts, and expensive monthly
bills would need to be in place. The expenses needed to develop a network
without a multi-provider blend of bandwidth does not make sense economically for
Many dedicated server providers include a service level agreement based on
network uptime. Some dedicated server hosting providers offer a 100% uptime
guarantee on their network. By securing multiple vendors for connectivity and
using redundant hardware, providers are able to guarantee higher uptimes;
usually between 99-100% uptime if they are a higher quality provider. One aspect
of higher quality providers is they are most likely to be multi-homed across
multiple quality uplink providers, which in turn, provides significant
redundancy in the event one goes down in addition to potentially improved routes
Bandwidth consumption over the last several years has shifted from a per megabit
usage model to a per gigabyte usage model. Bandwidth was traditionally measured
in line speed access that included the ability to purchase needed megabits at a
given monthly cost. As the shared hosting model developed, the trend towards
gigabyte or total bytes transferred, replaced the megabit line speed model so
dedicated server providers started offering per gigabyte.
Prominent players in the dedicated server market offer large amounts of
bandwidth ranging from 500 gigabytes to 3000 gigabytes using the “overselling”
model. It is not uncommon for major players to provide dedicated servers with
1Terabyte (TB) of bandwidth or higher. Usage models based on the byte level
measurement usually include a given amount of bandwidth with each server and a
price per gigabyte after a certain threshold has been reached. Expect to pay
additional fees for bandwidth overage usage. For example, if a dedicated server
has been given 3000 gigabytes of bandwidth per month and the customer uses 5000
gigabytes of bandwidth within the billing period, the additional 2000 gigabytes
of bandwidth will be invoiced as bandwidth overage. Each provider has a
different model for billing. No industry standards have been set yet.
Main article: Managed dedicated server
Dedicated hosting services primarily differ from managed hosting services in
that managed hosting services usually offer more support and other services. As
such, managed hosting is targeted towards clients with less technical knowledge,
whereas dedicated hosting services, or unmanaged hosting services, are suitable
for web development and system administrator professionals.
To date, no industry standards have been set to clearly define the management
role of dedicated server providers. What this means is that each provider will
use industry standard terms, but each provider will define them differently. For
some dedicated server providers, fully managed is defined as having a web based
control panel while other providers define it as having dedicated system
engineers readily available to handle all server and network related functions
of the dedicated server provider.
Server management can include some or all of the following:
Operating system updates
SNMP hardware monitoring
DDoS protection and mitigation
Backups and restoration
DNS hosting service
Software installation and configuration
Dedicated hosting server providers define their level of management based on the
services they provide. In comparison, fully managed could equal self managed
from provider to provider.
Administrative maintenance of the operating system, often including upgrades,
security patches, and sometimes even daemon updates are included. Differing
levels of management may include adding users, domains, daemon configuration, or
even custom programming.
Dedicated server hosting providers may provide the following types of server
Fully managed – Includes monitoring, software updates, reboots, security patches
and operating system upgrades. Customers are completely hands-off.
Managed – Includes medium level of management, monitoring, updates, and a
limited amount of support. Customers may perform specific tasks.
Self-managed – Includes regular monitoring and some maintenance. Customers
provide most operations and tasks on dedicated server.
Unmanaged – Little to no involvement from service provider. Customers provide
all maintenance, upgrades, patches, and security.
Dedicated hosting server providers utilize extreme security measures to ensure
the safety of data stored on their network of servers. Providers will often
deploy various software programs for scanning systems and networks for obtrusive
invaders, spammers, hackers, and other harmful problems such as Trojans, worms,
and crashers (Sending multiple connections). Linux and Windows use different
software for security protection.
Providers often bill for dedicated servers on a fixed monthly price to include
specific software packages. Over the years, software vendors realized the
significant market opportunity to bundle their software with dedicated servers.
They have since started introducing pricing models that allow dedicated hosting
providers the ability to purchase and resell software based on reduced monthly
Microsoft offers software licenses through a program called the Service Provider
License Agreement. The SPLA model provides use of Microsoft products through a
monthly user or processor based fee. SPLA software includes the Windows
Operating System, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft
SharePoint and shoutcast hosting, and many other server based products.
Dedicated server providers usually offer the ability to select the software you
want installed on a dedicated server. Depending on the overall usage of the
server, this will include your choice of operating system, database, and
specific applications. Servers can be customized and tailored specific to the
customer’s needs and requirements.
Other software applications available are specialized web hosting specific
programs called control panels. Control panel software is an all inclusive set
of software applications, server applications, and automation tools that can be
installed on a dedicated server. Control panels include integration into web
servers, database applications, programming languages, application deployment,
server administration tasks, and include the ability to automate tasks via a web
based front end.
Most dedicated servers are packaged with a control panel. Control panels are
often confused with management tools, but these control panels are actually web
based automation tools created to help automate the process of web site creation
and server management. Control panels should not be confused with a full server
management solution by a dedicated hosting provider.
Many providers do not allow IRC (bots, clients or daemons). This is due to rogue
IRC users triggering DDoS attacks against the provider, which may overwhelm
their networks, lowering service quality for all customers.
Adult content is disallowed by many providers as it may either be of
questionable legality or consume large amounts of bandwidth.
Copyright violations – Hosting copyrighted material of which an individual does
not own the copyright to is against the terms of service of most hosting